Code Switch http://wemu.org en What Is Your Race? For Millions Of Americans, A Shifting Answer http://wemu.org/post/what-your-race-millions-americans-shifting-answer <em>This post has been updated. </em><p>We tend to think of a race as a static thing, but it's always been much more slippery. American history has seen lots of immigrant groups that were the targets of suspicion and even racial violence — Jews, the Irish, Germans, Italians — gradually subsumed into the big, amorphous category of whiteness. The trajectory of that shift has been a little different for each of those groups — and, notably, was informed by the fact that they were <em>not</em> black — but that's been the general template of immigrant assimilation. Mon, 09 Jun 2014 13:43:00 +0000 Gene Demby 47026 at http://wemu.org What Is Your Race? For Millions Of Americans, A Shifting Answer Stokely Carmichael, A Philosopher Behind The Black Power Movement http://wemu.org/post/stokely-carmichael-philosopher-behind-black-power-movement Before he became famous — and infamous — for calling on black power for black people, Stokely Carmichael was better known as a rising young community organizer in the civil rights movement. Mon, 10 Mar 2014 14:11:00 +0000 Karen Grigsby Bates 42572 at http://wemu.org Stokely Carmichael, A Philosopher Behind The Black Power Movement Blood And Water: Illustrating Langston Hughes' 'Rivers' http://wemu.org/post/blood-and-water-illustrating-langston-hughes-rivers NPR Books and Code Switch are winding down Black History Month in style: We've asked three of our favorite comic artists to illustrate something — a person, a poem, a play, a book, a song — that inspires them. <a href="http://www.afuarichardson.info/">Afua Richardson</a> is an award-winning illustrator who's worked for Image, Marvel and DC Comics. She's chosen Langston Hughes' great poem "The Negro Speaks of Rivers." And you can see Richardson's video, created from these panels, <a href="http://vimeo.com/87760751">here</a>. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Thu, 27 Feb 2014 15:26:24 +0000 editor 42138 at http://wemu.org Blood And Water: Illustrating Langston Hughes' 'Rivers' Remembering Buddy Esquire, The King Of Hip-Hop Flyers http://wemu.org/post/remembering-buddy-esquire-king-hip-hop-flyers Forty years after its birth, hip-hop is everywhere, a global signifier of youthfulness and subversion and opulence and Americanness and blackness and menace, sometimes all at once.<p>But for all the glorification of hip-hop's early days in the South Bronx — the brilliant improvisation, the block parties — there isn't a whole lot of supporting documentation. A lot of what we know is from the fading memories of aging b-girls and b-boys who were present at the creation.<p>Some of the most important surviving documents from that period were the party flyers. Mon, 24 Feb 2014 15:41:01 +0000 Gene Demby 41981 at http://wemu.org Remembering Buddy Esquire, The King Of Hip-Hop Flyers Quick! What Are The Origins Of 'Chop-Chop'? http://wemu.org/post/quick-what-are-origins-chop-chop It takes a special kind of actor to mix bombast and fatuousness to comic effect — think Alec Baldwin in <em>30 Rock</em> or Will Ferrell in <em>Anchorman</em>. But the all-time King of Pomposity was the late Ted Knight. Mon, 24 Feb 2014 14:03:00 +0000 editor 41976 at http://wemu.org Quick! What Are The Origins Of 'Chop-Chop'? Moments of the Movement: Joseph Lowery http://wemu.org/post/moments-movement-joseph-lowery <p><iframe frameborder="no" height="450" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/98458056&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;visual=true" width="100%"></iframe></p> Wed, 12 Feb 2014 12:35:00 +0000 editor 41365 at http://wemu.org Moments of the Movement: Joseph Lowery Moments of the Movement: Gwendolyn Simmons http://wemu.org/post/moments-movement-gwendolyn-simmons <p><iframe frameborder="no" height="450" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/108056169&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;visual=true" width="100%"></iframe></p> Tue, 11 Feb 2014 12:35:00 +0000 Editor 41364 at http://wemu.org Moments of the Movement: Gwendolyn Simmons Moments of the Movement: Freeman Hrabowski on Birmingham Bombing (part 2) http://wemu.org/post/moments-movement-freeman-hrabowski-birmingham-bombing-part-2 <p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/103742609&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><div>The bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham was a turning point in the Civil Rights Movement. But for Freeman Hrabowski, now president of the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, it was personal. The Birmingham native was part of the movement as a child, and knew Cynthia Wesley, one of the four girls killed that morning. Here, he explains how the events of that day and the aftermath not only forever changed him, but Birmingham as well, and eventually, the country.</div><div></div><div class="card-content" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-size: 16px; vertical-align: baseline; background-image: none; font-family: Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 16px;"><div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden " style="margin: 0px 0px 15px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; vertical-align: baseline;"><div class="field-items" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-size: 15px; vertical-align: baseline; font-family: Georgia, Times, serif; line-height: 22px; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);"><div class="field-item even" property="content:encoded" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; vertical-align: baseline;"><p style="margin-bottom: 15px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; vertical-align: baseline;"><em style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; vertical-align: baseline;">Each morning at 7:30 in February, experience the unheralded histories and testimonials of individuals who participated in the Civil Rights Movement during the 1950s and 1960s.</em></p><div> Mon, 10 Feb 2014 12:35:00 +0000 Patrik Holubik 41334 at http://wemu.org Moments of the Movement: Freeman Hrabowski on Birmingham Bombing (part 2) Moments of the Movement: Freeman Hrabowski (part 1) http://wemu.org/post/moments-movement-freeman-hrabowski-part-1 <div><span style="line-height: 1.5;">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span>With so much on the line, one might think that everyone in the Black community would be on the same page when it came to fighting for civil rights. But Birmingham native Freeman Hrabowski explains that many middle-class African-Americans worried that there could be serious consequences for families of protesters. Now the president of the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Hrabowski was one of the few middle-class children who not only joined the protests, but was trained to lead and protect the younger children who were often the catalyst for change in the movement.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/103742730&amp;color=ff9900&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Mon, 10 Feb 2014 00:54:54 +0000 editor 41332 at http://wemu.org Moments of the Movement: Freeman Hrabowski (part 1) Moments of the Movement: David and Toko Ackerman http://wemu.org/post/moments-movement-david-and-toko-ackerman <p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/108056575&amp;color=ff5500" width="100%"></iframe></p> Fri, 07 Feb 2014 12:35:00 +0000 Patrik Holubik 41216 at http://wemu.org Quarterback Russell Wilson Sets A Milestone, And Everyone Shrugs http://wemu.org/post/quarterback-russell-wilson-sets-milestone-and-everyone-shrugs <p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A8iM73E6JP8</p> Fri, 07 Feb 2014 07:40:10 +0000 Gene Demby 41217 at http://wemu.org Quarterback Russell Wilson Sets A Milestone, And Everyone Shrugs Moments of the Movement: Alfred Moldovan http://wemu.org/post/moments-movement-alfred-moldovan <p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/103742359&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe><span style="line-height: 1.5;">With the physical safety of civil rights workers at stake, it was imperative that trained medical practitioners be on hand during protests. The Medical Committee for Human Rights served that purpose. Dr. Wed, 05 Feb 2014 12:35:00 +0000 editor 41108 at http://wemu.org Moments of the Movement: Alfred Moldovan How I Learned To Feel Undesirable http://wemu.org/post/how-i-learned-feel-undesirable <em>For the past few weeks, we've convened a conversation about romance across racial and cultural lines. Some of the most eloquent accounts we encountered came from a Bay Area junior high school teacher named Noah Cho. We asked him to expand on some of his experiences in this essay.</em><p>It's an odd feeling, as an adult, to look at a photo of your parents and feel perplexed by it. Tue, 04 Feb 2014 17:18:00 +0000 editor 41079 at http://wemu.org How I Learned To Feel Undesirable That Cute Cheerios Ad With The Interracial Family Is Back http://wemu.org/post/cute-cheerios-ad-interracial-family-back <p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pbWeH9cztHw</p><p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LKuQrKeGe6g</p> Mon, 03 Feb 2014 20:20:27 +0000 editor 41035 at http://wemu.org That Cute Cheerios Ad With The Interracial Family Is Back Does It Taste As Sweet To Say 'I Love You' In Another Language? http://wemu.org/post/does-it-taste-sweet-say-i-love-you-another-language <em>Editor's Note: Code Switch is engaged in a month-long discussion and exploration of interracial and cross-cultural dating. Mon, 03 Feb 2014 20:20:15 +0000 editor 41034 at http://wemu.org Does It Taste As Sweet To Say 'I Love You' In Another Language? Moments of the Movement: Matthew Perry http://wemu.org/post/moments-movement-matthew-perry <p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/92509153&amp;color=ff5500" width="100%"></iframe></p> Mon, 03 Feb 2014 12:35:00 +0000 editor 40997 at http://wemu.org Moments of the Movement: Matthew Perry Moments of the Movement: Shirley Sherrod http://wemu.org/post/moments-movement-shirley-sherrod <p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/89512552&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=true&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p> Sun, 02 Feb 2014 15:12:25 +0000 editor 40996 at http://wemu.org Moments of the Movement: Shirley Sherrod Poll Of U.S. Latinos Offers Snapshot Of Immigrant Vs. Nonimmigrant Experience http://wemu.org/post/poll-us-latinos-offers-snapshot-immigrant-vs-nonimmigrant-experience <strong><a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/codeswitch/2014/01/21/263502571/a-new-poll-takes-a-look-at-views-from-latino-america">Our poll on the life experiences of Latino Americans</a></strong> underscored just how different those experiences can be. But many of the most interesting comparisons among our respondents were between folks who were born here in the United States or Puerto Rico and those who were born elsewhere and came here later. Tue, 28 Jan 2014 17:12:40 +0000 editor 40766 at http://wemu.org Poll Of U.S. Latinos Offers Snapshot Of Immigrant Vs. Nonimmigrant Experience What Does 'Sold Down The River' Really Mean? The Answer Isn't Pretty http://wemu.org/post/what-does-sold-down-river-really-mean-answer-isnt-pretty For generations, the phrase "sold down the river" has been used to signify a profound betrayal.<p>"River" was a literal reference to the Mississippi or Ohio rivers. For much of the first half of the 19th century, Louisville, Ky., was one of the largest slave-trading marketplaces in the country. Tue, 28 Jan 2014 17:12:32 +0000 editor 40764 at http://wemu.org What Does 'Sold Down The River' Really Mean? The Answer Isn't Pretty What Sami Discovered On The Way To Becoming A Man Of Color http://wemu.org/post/what-sami-discovered-way-becoming-man-color Not many people can say they've experienced the world both as an Arab-Latino woman and as an Arab-Latino man. Sami Younes can.<p>Younes, 26, was once Mariam, a Lebanese and Puerto Rican woman. When he began his physical transition three years ago to become a man, the way people reacted to his change surprised him.<p>"This never happened to me before my transition," Younes said. "I'll be walking down the street and I'll see someone coming toward me. And if they're alone, they'll just change to the other side of the street. Fri, 24 Jan 2014 02:19:19 +0000 editor 40582 at http://wemu.org What Sami Discovered On The Way To Becoming A Man Of Color 'Hispanic' Or 'Latino'? Polls Say It Doesn't Matter — Usually http://wemu.org/post/hispanic-or-latino-polls-say-it-doesnt-matter-usually Carlos Mencia is well-known for his standup humor, which is slyly good-natured and often focuses on race and ethnicity. The 46 year-old Mencia has had a successful series on The Comedy Channel <em>(Mind of Mencia)</em> and draws huge crowds when he tours the country. When he was starting out in the business, he spent a lot of time on college campuses. Tue, 21 Jan 2014 19:26:00 +0000 Karen Grigsby Bates 40464 at http://wemu.org 'Hispanic' Or 'Latino'? Polls Say It Doesn't Matter — Usually When King And Johnson Joined Forces To Fight The War On Poverty http://wemu.org/post/when-king-and-johnson-joined-forces-fight-war-poverty When President Lyndon B. Johnson met at the White House with the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. on Jan. 18, 1964, the two men were near the peak of their powers and the country was in a maelstrom.<p>Johnson had been President for less than two months following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Tue, 21 Jan 2014 19:00:00 +0000 Andrew Small 40462 at http://wemu.org When King And Johnson Joined Forces To Fight The War On Poverty A Promise Unfulfilled: 1962 MLK Speech Recording Is Discovered http://wemu.org/post/promise-unfulfilled-1962-mlk-speech-recording-discovered <p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k7t35qDYHgc</p> Mon, 20 Jan 2014 19:38:00 +0000 editor 40425 at http://wemu.org A Promise Unfulfilled: 1962 MLK Speech Recording Is Discovered Twitter Recap: A Chat On Interracial And Cross-Cultural Romance http://wemu.org/post/twitter-recap-chat-interracial-and-cross-cultural-romance What questions do you have about interracial and cross-cultural romance?<p>That's one of the first things we asked participants on Wednesday in our first #xculturelove chat, which is part of our month-long exploration of interracial and cross-culture romance. We're using #xculturelove to anchor our discussions. Sat, 18 Jan 2014 09:29:01 +0000 editor 40362 at http://wemu.org Twitter Recap: A Chat On Interracial And Cross-Cultural Romance Is There Room For Only One Black Film At The Top Of The Heap? http://wemu.org/post/there-room-only-one-black-film-top-heap First, let's acknowledge one thing: <em>12 Years a Slave</em> has achieved something amazing and wonderful.<p>With nine Oscar nominations, it has proven a brutal story about the worst degradations of American slavery can attract the biggest accolades Hollywood has to offer.<p>In particular, seeing Steve McQueen within spitting distance of becoming the first black person to win an Oscar for directing, you feel both a sense of progress for the moment and profound disappointment that such a benchmark would remain untouched in 2014. Sat, 18 Jan 2014 09:28:16 +0000 Eric Deggans 40361 at http://wemu.org Is There Room For Only One Black Film At The Top Of The Heap?