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Cairo Racked By Deadly Violence For A Third Day

Nov 21, 2011

Thousands of protesters clashed with police Monday in Cairo in a spasm of violence that has lasted for three straight days and left dozens of people dead – the worst since the popular uprising that toppled Egypt's government.

Demonstrations in Tahrir Square, which was the epicenter of protests that ousted President Hosni Mubarak in February, erupted Saturday over what protesters say is the military's desire to hold on to power indefinitely. The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces took control of the country after Mubarak fell and has been harshly criticized for its oversight of the bumpy transition period.

NPR's Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson, reporting from Cairo, said clashes had also broken out near the Interior Ministry. She said security forces were lobbing tear gas and trying to push back the protesters, some of whom hurled broken bits of paving stone and firebombs at the police.

An Egyptian morgue official said the death toll had climbed to 24 dead since the violence began. The official spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to release the numbers. Hundreds of people have been injured, according to doctors in the square.

"We must use force against force. We cannot just throw stones at them," said Hassan Mohammed, a protester in his 20s.

"Do you expect us to meet blood with kindness?" asked a bearded teenager climbing a tree with a firebomb in hand. "We will burn it under their feet."

The Muslim Brotherhood staged protests at Tahrir Square on Friday, but when members of the Islamist group went home, others began flooding the square, Nelson said. That prompted riot police to move in and try to force them out.

"The interim government is saying that these protesters are trying to derail elections scheduled for the Nov. 28," she said. "The military rulers put out a statement saying that while they regret [the killings], they didn't express any apologies. They called on people to work together and said they were not trying to hold on to power."

Many candidates and political parties have suspended their campaigns to show solidarity with the protestors. The Muslim Brotherhood, which has supported the elections, has also condemned police behavior.

Fighting in Tahrir Square escalated Sunday when police launched a heavy assault that failed to clear protesters from the square. As the clashes continued overnight, police hit a makeshift field clinic operated by protesters in the square, forcing them to evacuate bloodied wounded to a nearby mosque.

The eruption of violence that began Saturday reflects the frustration and confusion that has mired Egypt's revolution since Mubarak's fall.

The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces says it will not hand over control of the government until after presidential elections, which it says could happen in late 2012 or early 2013.

The protesters are demanding an immediate move to civilian rule. They also fear that Mubarak's party could win a significant number of seats in parliament after next week's election. The military failed to issue a ban on the former ruling party, which has fueled the widely held suspicion that the generals have no intension of standing down.

The military has also proposed a law that would shield the armed forces from any civilian oversight and give the generals veto power over legislation dealing with military affairs.

Activists have been holding occasional protests against the military in Tahrir for months, and some have seen crackdowns by the military or police.

But this weekend's violence was the most sustained fighting between the two sides. It began when security forces stormed a sit-in at Tahrir staged by several hundred protesters wounded in clashes during the 18-day uprising in January and February and frustrated by the slow pace of bringing those responsible to justice.

NPR's Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson reported from Cairo for this story, which contains material from The Associated Press.

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